從中考試題看英語閱讀理解

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從中考試題看英語閱讀理解

作者:鐘菲

來源:《試題與研究·教學論壇》2015年第29期

中考試題中的英語閱讀理解主要用來測試學生的閱讀速度、理解能力和記憶能力。有的采用一段文章,有的采用整篇文章。內容廣泛,題材各異。以題目的難易程度分析,人們常常把它們分為表層理解和深層理解。所謂表層理解就是對文中的客觀事實的感知和記憶,深層理解是根據文中的客觀事實,在認真思考后進行邏輯推理、總結或概括,得出結論,或從上下文、字里行間悟出文中沒有直接表達出來的而可能存在的和必然的結果來。以題材或體裁論,大致有下述幾種:(1)記敘文(故事、人物小傳、新聞報道、史地知識介紹等)。(2)說明文(科普文章、說明書等)。(3)應用文(書信、廣告、通知等)。

實例分析:

片段(1)

The great ship,“Titanic” (泰坦尼克號), set off forAmerica in April 1912 on its first trip.It was carrying morethan 2,000 people.The “Titanic”was the larg est and finest ship at that time.People thought it was safe to be on the ship because it had16 compartments(密封艙)with it. Even if(即

使是)4 of thosewere b roken,it would still be able to stay on the sea.Four days later,when the “Titanic” was crossing the sea,the man on watch suddenly saw a v ery large iceberg ahead. Thegreat ship turned quickly on time,but before long there was asound from below.The captain went down to see what was thematter.To his surprise,he found the sh ip was sinking fastbecause 5 compartments had been broken! Hundreds of peoplejumped out i nto the water.As there were not enough lifeboats,about 1,500 lives were lost.

解答下面各題:

(1 )The great ship,“Titanic ”set off from Englandto______.

A.Australia

B.the USA

C.Arabia

D.Europe

(2)People then thought it was safe to be on the ship because__________.

A.it had 16 compartments

B.it had more lifeboats than other ships

C.it could not sink even if 4 compartments wore broken

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